Clinical neuropsychology is a sub-specialty of clinical psychology and specializes in the development of models and methods aiding understanding of normal and abnormal brain function (brain injury or disease). It comprises assessment as well as treatment. A clinical neuropsychologist holds an advanced degree in clinical psychology (Ph.D.), and has completed a clinical internship and specialized post-doctoral training in clinical neuropsychology. That which distinguishes a clinical neuropsychologist from other clinical psychologists is knowledge of the brain, including an understanding of areas such as neuroanatomy and neurological disease. Neuropsychology studies the structure and function of the brain as well as how these relate to specific psychological processes and behaviors. It encompasses a clinical and experimental field of psychology that aims to study, assess, understand and treat behavior directly related to brain function. Neuropsychological tests are used to assess cognitive deficits.
Neuropsychologists are specialized in the management, treatment and rehabilitation of cognitively impaired patients.
Neuro-psychological Testing for instance for the clarification of Alzheimer’s disease differentiation to other forms of dementia, e.g. vascular dementia or organic brain syndrome , disorders of brain activity , depression , anxiety disorders, personality disorders , sleeping disorders .
By using neuropsychological test procedures, we can detect cognitive deficiencies in patients with the most differing illnesses. Thus important hints can be gained regarding diagnostic methods, therapies and the assumable process. Besides the general intellectual capacity, we are able to test the working (functional) memory, the learning ability, memory retrieval, executive functions and psychomotor realization.
Knowing from long years of experience that neurological or psychiatric illnesses are very often considered to be better not mentioned or talked about, we would nonetheless like to introduce you briefly to the world of neurology and psychiatry. There are no other medical sciences that have achieved more progress and improvement over the past decades than these. Especially the “Decade of the brain” led to a definite change for the better in diagnostics and therapies. Today we can offer a wide range of modern diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities for nearly all psychiatric and neurological disorders. Yet, when it comes to neurological deficits or mental illness there are still many prejudices and unnecessary fears prevalent.
Whereas usually everybody accepts the fact that illness is normal and happens to everyone from time to time, normal illnesses are most often considered to be solely physical such as a broken leg, colds, diarrhoea or similar. Diabetes mellitus is as normal an illness as is backache or headache.
Illnesses of the brain, the psyche or neurological deficiencies are also as normal as any other illnesses and moreover, they are not only very common but on the increase. Their patterns may sometimes be worrying or frightening but this is largely due to a huge lack of information in general public.
According to the study “The Global Burden of disease” carried out by the WHO (World Health Organization) depression for instance is the most important disease of all, more important even than diseases of the heart, asthma or cancer. And yet, the majority of people suffering from depression do not seek professional help or are not treated sufficiently. We should therefore not only like to contribute to health education but we offer practical help and assistance to everyone suffering from or fearing psychiatric and/or neurological disorders.